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Georgia Southern Examines Black Mobility on Tybee Island

Tybee Island, Georgia has a problematic racial history. During the Jim Crow era, the popular beach town was segregated and off-limits to Savannah’s majority African American population. More recently, Tybee officials have actively worked to end Orange Crush, an annual spring beach bash attended mostly by students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities from within the region. Partygoers and promoters of Orange Crush have engaged in ongoing clashes with residents and Tybee officials for nearly 30 years, charging them with racial discrimination and profiling. Residents express frustration with traffic, trash, crime, and noise and have put forth measures that seek to put an end to the annual event. Utilizing archival research, semi-structured interviews, and participant observation, this study will situate Orange Crush within a larger framework centered on tourism, mobilities, and black sense of place. In this piece, we will examine historic and present-day efforts to control the mobile black body through policing and measures put forth by Tybee Island to end the event. Finally, we will consider how the 30-year story of Orange Crush is part of the geography and sense of place of many African Americans in the region, despite actions by Tybee Island to limit access.

““You’re out of your place”: Black Mobility on Tybee Island, Georgia from Civil Rights to Orange Crush,” was recently published in Southeastern Geographer.

Mr. Jeffery R. Finney, MPH student at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health Georgia Southern University Armstrong Campus was the lead author. Dr. Amy E. Potter, faculty mentor and assistant professor in the Geology and Geography at Georgia Southern University was the co-author.


Georgia Southern Identifies Factors for Sickle Cell Carrier Screening Among African Americans

Guidelines recommend that African Americans know their sickle cell trait status to inform reproductive health decisions. Few studies have applied a behavioral theory to identify factors associated with sickle cell trait screening to inform intervention targets to increase this behavior. We applied a Sickle Cell Trait Screening Framework to identify factors associated with African Americans’ intention to ask for sickle cell trait screening. Participants (N = 300), ages 18 to 35, completed a cross-sectional survey. A three-step sequential ordinary least squares regression analysis identified factors influencing intention. Results indicated socio-demographic factors (age, education), knowledge and fear beliefs (screening knowledge, perceived threat), and reasoned action approach (RAA) constructs were associated with intention. RAA constructs influenced intention over knowledge and fear beliefs with an increase in R2 of .468. Perceived behavioral control was more predictive of intention (β = .576, p < .001). Attitude and perceived norm also had significant weights (β = .325 and β = .192, both p < .001, respectively). Findings from this study can inform strategies (e.g., eliminating costs associated with screening, reducing fear of painful tests) to increase sickle cell trait screening among African Americans. Ultimately, more sickle cell carriers will become aware of their trait status and be able to make informed reproductive health decisions.

Identifying Factors Underlying the Decision for Sickle Cell Carrier Screening Among African Americans Within Middle Reproductive Age,” was recently published in the Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Dr. Tilicia Mayo-Gamble, assistant professor of community health behavior and education at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health Georgia Southern University was the lead author.


Leadership for Health Professionals: Theory, Skills, and Applications

James Stephens

James Stephens

Leadership for Health Professionals, Third Edition is the first textbook of its kind to apply traditional knowledge of leadership theory and long-standing best practices of industry leaders to a health organization environment. The comprehensive text is grounded in practical applications of theoretical concepts, and focuses on examples of leadership in actual healthcare settings.

Leadership for Health Professions is now used in over 300 academic programs to include University of Michigan, John Hopkins University, Medical Center of South Carolina, Ohio State University, George Washington University, Indiana University, LSU, Michigan State University, University of Missouri, University of Kentucky and of course Georgia Southern University to name just a few high-level scholarly universities. It has been requested by 313 libraries nationwide, is one of Jones & Bartlett’s (our publisher and the leading healthcare book publisher) bestsellers and has a Five Star rating (100 out of 100) from Doodly Textbook ratings.

The authors, Dr. Gerald R. Ledlow, FACHE and Dr. James H. Stephens, FACHE, associate professor of health policy and management at the Jiann Ping-Hsu College of Public Health at Georgia Southern University,  have over four decades of practical leadership experience in corporate and federal government health organizations as senior executive positions including the chief officer executive  level (note- Dr. Stephens held senior executive positions in large medical centers/health systems for 25 years with 18 years as President and CEO) , as well as over 25 years of academic experience as faculty in doctoral research institutions. Other contributors include Dr. William Mase, assistant professor, JPHCOPH; Dr. David Schott, Doctoral graduate from JPHCOPH.

Dr. Stephens, “believes this particular book has had significant impact in the health professions. It is the first textbook of its kind to apply classical knowledge of leadership theory and time-honored best practice of industry leaders to a health organization context. The book is a comprehensive and well-organized text that is grounded in real-world applications of theoretical concepts and focuses on practical examples of leadership in actual healthcare scenarios.”


Georgia Southern participates in an international study to search for a common molecular indicator of microbial pollution in global waters

Health-related water microbiology moved towards molecular detection methods in the recent years. These new methods allow for rapid response to mitigate outbreaks within hours and they can track the source of the pollution accurately. However, the widespread application is hindered by a lack of knowledge regarding geographical stability, and only a small number of well-characterized regions can effectively use these methods. This study investigates the geographic distribution of five human-associated genetic markers in municipal wastewaters (raw and treated) from 29 urban and rural wastewater treatment plants in 13 countries spanning six continents. Also, genetic markers were tested against 280 human and non-human fecal samples from domesticated, agricultural and wild animal sources. Results suggest that several genetic markers have considerable potential for measuring human-associated contamination in polluted environmental waters worldwide. The results of this study will be helpful in developing new global criteria for water quality management, pollution modeling, and health risk assessment.

Global Distribution of Human-associated Fecal Genetic Markers in Reference Samples from Six Continents” was recently published in the “Environmental Science and Technology” journal.

Dr. Asli Aslan, Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Sciences at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health Georgia Southern was a co-author of this study.


Georgia Southern Examines LHDs Role in Nonprofit Hospitals’ Community Health Needs Assessment

Health care and public health industries have historically operated in siloes, with distinct and often contradictory approaches to health. Public health has traditionally focused on ensuring healthy outcomes and their equitable distribution in population subgroups through essential public health services consistent with public health agency mandates and community priorities. By contrast, health care providers have arguably operated as part of an industrial medical complex focused primarily on treatment and cure rather than prevention. Several recent developments have converged to encourage health care and public health to focus on population health, leading to cooperation between strange bedfellows toward this common goal.

Local Health Departments’ Role in Nonprofit Hospitals’ Community Health Needs Assessment,” was recently published in the American Journal of Public Health.

Dr. Gulzar Shah, Department Chair for Health Policy and Management at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health Georgia Southern University was the author of the editorial.